The Cheng du Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding was established in 1987 and is an institution specialized in the protection, breeding, education of breeding and educational tourism of endangered wildlife species.
There are two branches:
- Chengdu base
- Dujiangyan Breeding Research Center
The Sichuan Daxiangling Giant Panda Wildering and Reintroduction Base is jointly established by the Chengdu Base and the Daxiangling Reserve, and is dedicated to the wild training of giant pandas. It is not open to the public.
Once a giant panda is born at the base in Chengdu, and is trained in Dujiangyan Wilding Center for semi-wildlife, it would then be transferred to the Daxiangling Nature Reserve for further wildlife training.
It has bred 143 giant pandas and 214 cubs, and there’re now 152 surviving (as of 2015). It has the largest captive panda breeding population in the world.
I. Breeding of giant pandas
The base was established with the 6 sick and hungry giant pandas left by the rescue in the 1980s. Starting from the original 6 giant pandas, the base was based on technological innovation without capturing a giant panda from the wild.
Now, it is breeding 143 giant pandas, 214 cubs, and there’re 152 still surviving (as of 2015). It has the world’s largest captive giant panda captive breeding population. The genetic quality of this population, health status of individual pandas and behavioral health status are all ideal.
II. Scientific research on giant pandas
In the past 30 years, through a series of innovative scientific research, the base has overcome major technical problems such as artificial breeding of captive pandas and management, reproduction, raising the panda cubs, disease prevention and control and management of their genes.
This has been a breakthrough of multiple technical challenges which has led to several positive results in scientific research. More than 70 projects have won national, provincial, municipal technological invention awards, scientific and technological progress awards; they have also obtained 14 national patents in invention and utility models.
It is recognized as a demonstration unit for the protection of giant pandas with the strongest scientific and technological strength, the highest number of scientific and technological achievements and the best effects in its application and promotion. In September 2014, it was awarded the honorary title of “National Advanced Collective of Technical Talents”.
III. Education of the conservation of pandas
In 2000, the base took the lead in carrying out education in public protection of the national wildlife protection system, and it established the Ministry of Science Education.
Under the guidance of the China Wildlife Conservation Association, it has introduced advanced education in the concepts of conservation and education methods, in response to today’s key issues in the environment.
From several aspects such as the public awareness, emotions, behaviors at the base to the urban communities, universities, primary schools, kindergartens and rural areas, it has launched a rich variety of conservational and educational projects.
It has won a lot of compliments from the a lot of young people, domestic and foreign volunteers and animal supporters. At present, it has cooperated with many countries and institutions, and established extensive contacts and cooperation networks.
It has successively won the nominations of “Top 500 Global”, “National Educational Base For Youth Science and Technology”, “National Base For Scientific Education”, “National Science Base For Environmental Protection”, Sichuan and Chengdu Demonstration Bases for Scientific Education and Ecological Protection and Demonstration Base of Education of Practices of Socialist Core Values for Minors in Chengdu.
IV. Panda Tourism
The base adheres to the guiding ideology of equal emphasis on scientific research and tourism, and forms a sustainable development model of “production, learning, research and tourism”.
The base simulates the wild ecological environment of giant pandas by means of gardening. There are delivery rooms for giant pandas, panda breeding areas, scientific research centers and panda hospitals. They are distributed in an orderly manner, and several luxurious panda “villas” are also scattered in the mountains and forests.
Giant pandas of different ages grow here. In 1998, the Base was evaluated by the World Tourism Organization as another legendary world with the world natural heritage – Jiuzhaigou. In 2006, it was rated as a national AAAA tourist attraction. At present, it receives nearly 3 million tourists per year from China and abroad (data in 2015).
V. Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Base – Dujiangyan Breeding and Wild Release Research Center – “Panda Valley”
Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Base – Dujiangyan Breeding and Wilding Research Center – “Panda Valley”, covers an area of 2004 acres.
It is located in Majiagou, Yutang Town, Dujiangyan City, adjacent to the Dujiangyan Water Conservancy Project and the Taoist Holy Land Qingcheng Mountain, 50 kilometers away from Chengdu and approximately 3 kilometers from Dujiangyan city.
It can be reached via the Chengguan Expressway and Light Rail, or from the Zhaogongshan and Qingchengshan Huanshan Avenue. Transportation is relatively easy. It is a luxurious area with bamboo and vegetation, streams and rivers, birds and flowers. It has a very unique natural climate, with more than 700 species of animals and plants, and it’s a natural base for wild release of pandas.
“Panda Valley” was opened to the public on October 1, 2014, and it was officially opened to the public on April 20, 2015. At present, the “Panda Valley” has three giant panda wild training sheds for transition and a semi-wild animal training ground. There are more than 10 giant pandas here to participate into wild adaptive training research.